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Advancements in Vocational Training: The Role of Patient Simulators in Clinical Simulation Technology


The patient simulator is a model of a real person that meets the most challenging tasks of vocational training: vital signs, realistic sensation, and feedback. The simulator has a visually and anatomically correct structure like the human body.

Learners simulate/design various clinical situations in the virtual space, which are also physically expressed, not only virtually, but also “physically” by the manikin replicating the virtual reactions.  The neck has realistic mobility. The legs are mobile at the hip and knee joints, replicating the mobility of human leg joints. The arms are mobile at the shoulder joints, replicating the mobility of human arm joints. The blinking is programmable and depends on the simulated state of consciousness at the time. The simulator can produce sounds that mimic coughing, crying and normal breathing, etc.

Students simulate a pathological clinical condition of a patient in a virtual space, the expression of which is demonstrated by a mannequin. After providing emergency care, the results are recorded in the virtual space and the assessor can trace the course of action of each student. After evaluating and analysing the errors, the trainees can repeat the process, recording their progress.

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